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For the purpose of this chapter, the following terms, phrases, words, and their derivations shall have the meaning given herein. When not inconsistent with the context, words used in the present tense include the future, words used in the plural number include the singular number, and words used in the singular number include the plural number. The word “shall” is always mandatory and not merely directory.

1.1“Aircraft” is any contrivance now known or hereafter invented, used or designed for navigation or for flight in the air. The word “aircraft” shall include helicopters and lighter than air dirigibles and balloons.

1.2“Private Receptacle” is a litter storage and collection receptacle as required and/or authorized in the town.

1.3“Commercial Handbill” is any printed or written matter, any sample or device, dodger, circular, leaflet, pamphlet, paper, booklet, or any other printed or otherwise reproduced original or copies of any manner of literature:

(a) which advertises for sale any merchandise, product, commodity, or thing; or

(b) which directs attention to any business or mercantile or commercial establishment, or other activity, for the purpose of either directly or indirectly promoting the interest thereof by sales; or

(c) which directs attention to or advertises any meeting, theatrical performance, exhibition or event of any kind, for which an admission fee is charged for the purpose of private gain or profit; but the terms of this clause shall not apply where an admission fee is charged or a collection is taken up for the purpose of defraying the expenses incident to such meeting, theatrical performance, exhibition or event of any kind, when either of the same is held, given or takes place in connection with the dissemination of information which is not restricted under the ordinary rules of decency, good morals, public peace, safety and good order: PROVIDED, that nothing contained in this clause shall be deemed to authorize the holding, giving or taking place of any meeting, theatrical performance, exhibition, or event of any kind, without a license, where such license is or may be required by any laws of this commonwealth, or under any bylaw of this town; or

(d) which, while containing reading matter other than advertising matter, is predominantly and essentially an advertisement, and is distributed or circulated for advertising purposes, or for the private benefit and gain of any person so engaged as advertiser or distributor.

1.4“Garbage” is putrescible animal and vegetable wastes resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking and consumption of food.

1.5“Litter” is “garbage”, “refuse”, and “rubbish” as defined herein and all other waste material which, if thrown or deposited as herein prohibited, tends to create a danger to public health, safety and welfare.

1.6“Newspaper” is any newspaper of general circulation as defined by general law, any newspaper duly entered with the post office department of the United States, in accordance with federal statute or regulation, and any newspaper filed and recorded with any recording officer as provided by general law; and, in addition thereto, shall mean and include any periodical or magazine regularly published and distributed to the public.

1.7“Noncommercial Handbill” is any printed or written matter, any sample, or device, dodger, circular, leaflet, pamphlet, newspaper, magazine, paper, booklet, or any of the printed or otherwise reproduced original or copies of any manner of literature not included in the aforesaid definitions of a commercial handbill or newspaper.

1.8“Park” is a park, reservation, playground, beach, recreation center or any other public area in the town, owned or used by the town and devoted to recreation or conservation.

1.9“Person” is any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company or organization of any kind.

1.10“Private Premises” is any dwelling, house, building, or other structure, designed or used either wholly or in part for private residential purposes, whether inhabited or temporarily or continuously uninhabited or vacant, and shall include any yard, grounds, walk, driveway, porch, steps, vestibule or mailbox belonging or appurtenant to such dwelling, house, building or other structure.

1.11“Public Place” is any and all streets, sidewalks, boulevards, alleys or other public ways and any and all public parks, squares, spaces, grounds and buildings.

1.12“Refuse” is all putrescible and nonputrescible solid wastes (except body wastes), including garbage, rubbish, ashes, street cleaning, dead animals, abandoned automobiles or trucks, and solid market and industrial wastes.

1.13“Rubbish” is nonputrescible solid wastes consisting of both combustible and noncombustible wastes, such as paper, wrappings, cigarettes, cardboard, tin cans, yard clippings, leaves, wood, glass, bedding, crockery and similar materials.

1.14“Vehicle” is every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, including devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.