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The purpose of this bylaw is to protect the wetlands, related water resources, and adjoining land areas in the town by prior review and control of activities deemed to have an adverse effect upon wetland values, including, but not limited to the following: public or private water supply, groundwater, flood control, erosion and sedimentation control, storm damage prevention, water pollution prevention, fisheries, recreation, wildlife habitat and aesthetics, collectively known as the interests protected by this bylaw. Adverse effects may include, but are not limited to, one or more of the following:

(a) any actual or potential contamination of public or private groundwater supply including aquifers or recharge areas, land or water containing fisheries, including the biological life necessary to support a freshwater ecosystem;

(b) any reduction of the flood storage capacity of a wetland, river or stream;

(c) any alteration of a river, stream or wetland which results in any increase in the volume or velocity of water which may cause flooding;

(d) any action which will remove, fill, dredge or alter any area subject to this bylaw and will result in any threat to the health, welfare or safety of the individual or the community;

(e) any work in an area consisting of “very poorly drained soil” as described by the National Cooperation Soil Survey or the U.S. Department of Agricultural Soil Conservation Service; and

(f) any work in an area which would be flooded as a result of the 100 year storm event as that storm event is defined as part of the Federal Emergency Management Agency 100 year floodplan.